Cervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer


In developing countries such as Indonesia, the disease of cervical cancer is the main cause of cancer deaths. In the world, every two minutes a woman dies of cervical cancer. So, never again looked at the threat of this disease with one eye. The following 13 things you should know about mandatory cervical cancer 1. What is cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer or cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cervical area. That is, the part of the uterus that is located below, which opens toward the liang vagina. Starting from the neck of the uterus, in advanced stages, has entered this cancer can spread to other organs throughout the body.

2. how dangerous the disease of cervical cancer?


World Health Organization (WHO) declared the current disease, cervical cancer ranks the top among the various types of cancer which causes of death in women in the world. In Indonesia, each year detected more than 15,000 cases of cervical cancer, and about as many as 8000 cases of which ended in death. According to the WHO, Indonesia is a country with a population of cervical cancer sufferers, the highest in the world. Why is it so dangerous? Because cervical cancer, appear as enemies in a blankets. Hard pressed to detect until the disease has reached an advanced stage.

3. What causes cervical cancer?


Cervical cancer is caused by HPV virus (Human Papilloma Virus). This virus has over 100 types, where the majority are harmless and will disappear by itself. The types of HPV virus that causes cervical cancer and the most fatal consequences is the HPV virus types 16 and 18. However, in addition to the HPV virus, caused by abnormal cells on the cervix can also grow due to exposure to radiation or chemical contamination that occurred in a period of time long enough.

4. How the contagion of cervical cancer?


The HPV virus transmission can occur through sexual intercourse, especially that done by alternating pairs. Transmission of these viruses can occur either by way of transmission through genital organs to organ genital to genital, oral, or genital manually. Therefore, the use of a condom during intercourse is not too influential to prevent transmission of HPV virus. For, not only transmitted through fluids, the virus is able to move through the touch of the skin.

5. What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?


In the early stages, the disease does not cause symptoms that are easily observed. That's why, you who have been very sexually active it is recommended to perform a pap smear test every two years. Physical symptoms of this disease attacks generally only felt by sufferers of cancer of advanced stage. That is, the emergence of pain and bleeding when sex (contact bleeding), and excessive vaginal discharge is not normal, bleeding outside of the menstrual cycle, as well as the drastic weight loss. If the cancer has already spread to pelvis, then the patient will suffer from complaints of back pain, urinary obstructions in, as well as the enlargement of the kidneys.

6. How long is the growth of cervical cancer?


Masa preinvasif (growth of abnormal cells before becoming ferocity) this disease is quite long, so that sufferers who managed to detect it early can do a variety of steps to cope with it. Infection settled will cause abnormal cell growth that eventually could lead to the development of cancer. This development takes between 5-20 years, beginning from the stage of infection, the lesions are pre-cancer to the positive into cervical cancer.

7. Is it true that smokers are at risk of contracting cervical cancer?

There is a lot of research that States the relationship between the smoking habit with the increasing risk of someone becoming infected with the disease of cervical cancer. One of them is research conducted at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden and published in the British Journal of Cancer in 2001. According to Joakam Dillner, M.D., a researcher who led the research, the substances nicotine as well as other "toxins" that goes into the blood through the cigarette smoke can increase the likelihood of the occurrence of the condition is cervical neoplasia or the growth of abnormal cells in the uterus. "Cervical neoplasia is a condition of initial development of cervical cancer in a person's body," he said.

8. Besides, who else is at risk of being infected cervical cancer?

Women who are prone to severe cervical cancer are those between the ages of 35-50 years, especially those of you who have been sexually active before the age of 16 years. Sexual intercourse at age too early can increase the risk of developing cervical cancer of 2 times compared to women who had sexual intercourse after the age of 20 years. Cervical cancer is also related to the number of sexual partners. The more sexual partners you have, then it is also increasing the risk of the occurrence of cancer of the cervix. Just like the number of sexual partners, the number of pregnancies has ever experienced also increases the risk of cancer of the cervix.

You are infected with the HIV virus and stated to have abnormal pap smear test result, as well as the sufferers of malnutrition, are also at risk of being infected the virus HPV. You are doing a strict diet, the low consumption of vitamins A, C and E every day can lead to a reduced level of immunity in the body, so you are easily infected.

9. How do I detect cervical cancer?

A Pap smear is a standard inspection method to detect cancer of the cervix. However, the pap smear is not the only way that can be done to detect the disease. There is also a type of examination by using acetic acid (vinegar) are relatively easier and cheaper to do. If you want a more accurate result, now there is a latest examination techniques for early detection of cervical cancer, called the Hybrid Capture II technology System (HCII).

10. can cervical cancer be prevented?

Although ranked highest among the various types of cancer which causes death, cervical cancer is the only type of cancer that has been known to cause. Therefore, prevention efforts is very possible. That is in no way associated with intimate couples who alternated, diligently perform a pap smear every two years for those who are already sexually active, maintain the health of the body, and do vaccinations for HPV who have never done contact sexually.

11. should take the HPV vaccination for cervical cancer?

In mid-2006 has been circulating HPV infection preventive vaccine types 16 and 18 cause cervical cancer. This vaccine works by boosting your immune and catch the virus before it enters the cervical cells. In addition to fortify of cervical cancer disease, these vaccines are also working double protect women from the threat of HPV types 6 and 11 cause genital warts.

That needs to be emphasized is that this new vaccination is effective when given to girls aged 9 to 26 years old who are not yet sexually active. The vaccine is given as much as 3 times within a certain period. With vaccination, the risk of developing cervical cancer could decrease by up to 75%. There is good news, starting this year the price of the vaccine initially Rp 1.3 million, while syringe to Rp 700,000, while injecting.

12. What is the cervical cancer vaccination has side effects?


This vaccine has to be tested on thousands of women around the world. The results did not indicate the presence of harmful side effects. The most common side effects are redness and complained of fever, pain, and swelling at the place of injection. Side effects are often encountered other is bloody and itching in the place of injection. This vaccine is not recommended for pregnant women. However, nursing mothers should receive this vaccine.

13. If already infected cervical cancer, can be cured?

Regarding not complained of any symptoms, cervical cancer patients usually come to the hospital when her illness had already reached stage 3. The problem of cervical cancer that has reached stage 2 to stage 4 have resulted in damage to the organs of the body, such as the bladder, kidney, and more. Therefore, the surgical removal of the uterus alone is not enough to make sufferers recover as readily. In addition to surgery, the sufferer should still get additional therapies, such as radiation and chemotherapy. These steps though can't guarantee 100% of sufferers experienced healing.




































1) layout of the Cervical and Cervical Cancer Causes
Cervical cancer is cancer that occurs in the cervical area. That is the area on the female reproductive organs that constitute the entrance towards the uterus. It lies between the womb (uterus) and liang intercourse the woman (vagina). This cancer is caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV) onkogenik who attacked the cervix. Began to occur on the cervix, if has entered the stage of advanced, this cancer can spread to other organs around the body of the sufferer. The HPV virus has more than 100 types, of which the majority are harmless and will disappear by itself. The types of HPV virus that causes cervical cancer is the most fatal virus HPV types 16 and 18.  In addition to the HPV virus, caused by abnormal cells on the cervix can also grow due to exposure to radiation or chemical contamination that occurred in a period of time long enough.

2) transmission method of cervical cancer
The HPV virus transmission can occur through sexual intercourse, especially that done by alternating pairs. Transmission of these viruses can occur either by way of transmission through genital organs to organ genital to genital, oral, or genital manually. Therefore, the use of a condom during intercourse is not too influential to prevent transmission of HPV virus. For, not only transmitted through fluids, the virus is able to move through the touch of the skin.                               

3) Cervical Cancer symptoms
In the early stages, the disease does not cause symptoms that are easily observed. Physical symptoms of this disease attacks generally only felt by sufferers of cancer of advanced stage. Symptoms of advanced cervical cancer: (1) the emergence of pain and bleeding when sex (contact bleeding). (2) excessive vaginal discharge and abnormal. (3) bleeding outside of the menstrual cycle. (4) a drastic weight loss. (5) when the cancer has already spread to pelvis, then the patient will suffer from back pain complaints. (6) urinary obstructions in the well, as well as the enlargement of the kidneys.

4 Times) preinvasif
 Masa preinvasif (growth of abnormal cells before becoming ferocity) this disease is quite long, so that sufferers who managed to detect it early can do a variety of steps to cope with it. Infection settled will cause abnormal cell growth that eventually could lead to the development of cancer. This development takes between 5-20 years, beginning from the stage of infection, the lesions are pre-cancer to the positive into cervical cancer.      

5) cervical cancer-prone Women
Women who are prone to severe cervical cancer are those between the ages of 35-50 years, especially who has been sexually active before the age of 16 years. Sexual intercourse at age too early can increase the risk of developing cervical cancer of 2 times compared to women who had sexual intercourse after the age of 20 years.  Cervical cancer is also related to the number of opponents. The more sexual in the opponents have, thus also increasing the risk of the occurrence of cancer of the cervix. The same as the number of opponents, the number of pregnancies has ever experienced also increases the risk of cancer of the cervix.

6) how to detect cervical cancer how to detect this disease is to use a method of a Pap smear that is a standard examination methods for detecting cervical cancer. However, the pap smear is not the only way that can be done to detect the disease. There is also a type of examination by using acetic acid (vinegar). Using the acetic acid of vinegar is comparatively easier and cheaper to do. If you want a more accurate result, now there is a latest examination techniques for early detection of cervical cancer called Hybrid Capture II technology System (HCII).

7) method of Prevention with regard to how cervical cancer prevention that is to: (1) do not touch the couples alternated with intimate, (2) diligently perform a pap smear every two years for those who are already sexually active, (3) and do the HPV vaccination for those who have never done contact sexually, (3) and of course maintaining the body's health

8) Healing of cervical cancer
Regarding not complained of any symptoms, cervical cancer patients usually come to the hospital when her illness had already reached stage 3. The problem of cervical cancer that has reached stage 2 to stage 4 have resulted in damage to the organs of the body, such as the bladder, kidney, and more. Therefore, the surgical removal of the uterus alone is not enough to make sufferers recover as readily. In addition to surgery, the sufferer should still get additional therapies, such as radiation and chemotherapy. These steps though can't guarantee 100% of sufferers experienced healing.


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