Differentiating the Characteristics of Normal and Abnormal Breast Nipples

Differentiating the Characteristics of Normal and Abnormal Breast Nipples

Nipples are part of the human breast. Nipples also have another name, the papilla. Both women and men from the young to the old must have a pair of nipples on their chest, or maybe more than two. Although it looks trivial, the appearance of a small skin structure that protrudes at the end of this part of the breast can reflect your health condition, you know! Let's find out the characteristics of a normal papilla and what health problems are common.

Normal nipple type

The nipple or papilla is in the middle of the areola. Acerola is a dark area in the middle of the breast. This papilla consists mostly of smooth muscle fibers. Where this smooth muscle serves to help the papilla to form when stimulated.

During puberty girls, the pigment in the papilla and the areola will increase (so the color becomes darker) and make the papilla or nipple more prominent.

For women, the nipple functions to lactate or deliver breast milk to the baby. As for men, there are no specific functions. Some opinions suggest that male nipples function as an erotic zone that can produce stimulation. When the male papilla hardens, the sign is they are aroused or orgasm.

1. Stand out

The shape of this type of papilla generally protrudes out a few millimeters above the surface of the areola. When the weather is cold or stimulated, the nipples become harder and clearer.

2. Enter inside

Some women or men have nipples inside. This is normal and belongs to many who experience it. For nursing mothers, the nipple condition like this is a little difficult to give the baby breast milk. There is one technique to remove the incoming papilla, namely the Hoffman technique.

The trick, put both thumbs on both sides of the aerola, can be right-left or up-down-side. Slow down, try stretching the two thumbs away and pulling away from each other. Do it twice a day after bathing. This technique is still believed to be able to break the place of the papilla so that it can protrude outward.

3. Flat nipples

Besides sinking between the areola, there is also a flat nipple or papilla. Where this occurs when the surface of the papilla is flat with the areola skin. Relax, this condition is not dangerous or normal. Flat papilla can occur in one breast or both.

According to Dr. Maggie DiNome, head of the Saint John 's Health Center in California, women who have a flat papilla can breastfeed their babies normally. However, it will cause several problems while breastfeeding.

There are several ways to deal with the nipple or papilla that does not come out protruding. Dr. DiNome also said that it was possible for a flat papilla to be surgically removed to get breastfeeding.

Also, please try to stimulate the papilla to stand out. This method is done so the baby can find a place to suck milk. some people believe, that by breastfeeding a baby, the flat papilla will also come out by itself according to the needs of nursing babies and mothers.

4. Characteristics of other normal papillae

According to Dr. As far as Gaither M D, an obstetrician in New York, the thin-haired papilla is normal. This usually occurs due to genetic influences, during puberty, because of pregnancy, during menstruation, or menopause. Birth control pills can also stimulate nipple hair growth.

Young or dark brown, big or small: all the same, all normal
The size of each nipple varies. There are small or large ones. The color variations can also be pink to darkish dark brown. All of these combinations are normal and most depend on genetics.

According to Dr. Debra Patt MD, an oncologist in America, the size of the papilla in your breast is just a different physical picture of humans.

An abnormal nipple characteristic

1. Sudden thick hair

If your nipples or your breasts suddenly grow a lot of fine hairs, you should be vigilant. According to Dr. Gaither, this can be an asymptomatic condition of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and Cushing's syndrome. If you experience this, it's good to immediately consult a doctor for further examination.

2. Bloody or festering

Bleeding papilla can be caused by friction, because it is scratched, or even due to irritation. If left alone, the nipple can develop into an infection. Apart from causing the papilla to become sick, an infection can also increase the risk of candidiasis skin fungal infections caused by Candida albicans.

A festering papilla can indicate something serious, one of which is breast cancer. Usually, this cancer affects the channels in the breast and then spreads to the surface of the papilla, and then spreads to the areola to cause dark circles around the breast and feel pain.

Common nipple problems

1. Ectasia

Ectasia is a condition of widening the mammary gland located below the nipple. Generally, this condition occurs at the age of approaching menopause, around the age of 40s or early 50s.

Ekadasi is a condition that is not cancerous. In some cases, tissue under the mammary gland can change and clog the milk ducts.

The accumulated fluid can settle and leak into the surrounding breast tissue. This is what can cause infections, chronic inflammation, or infections that contain pus called abscesses.

2. Intraductal papilloma

Intraductal papilloma is a small lump like a wart growing near the nipple, this lump is not cancerous. But usually, it will bleed or sticky liquid.

3. Blisters while breastfeeding

A cracked nipple is a problem that is often experienced by new mothers while breastfeeding. This can be caused by the wrong way of breastfeeding and the mother does not take care of the papillae. To overcome this, special care is generally not needed, because the papilla will heal by itself. Mothers can also use a moisturizing cream specifically for breastfeeding breasts that can relieve pain in the papilla.

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