The types of Cancer and tumors

The types of Cancer and tumors

A. types of Cancer

1. Cancer of the skin

Skin cancer is most common in people who are bright skinned and often moldy under the blazing sun. This cancer usually arises in places that are most exposed to sunlight, especially: cheekbones, ears, eyebrow, nose, and lips.

The disease is made up of various forms. It usually begins as a small ring with colors such as Pearl and accompanied by a hole in the Center.

Most skin cancers are not dangerous if treated at the right time and not needed surgery to deal with it.

2. Breast cancer

This disease is quite often found in women and is always a dangerous disease.

Signs of breast cancer:

* Sufferers Find a lump around the breast
* Breast shows a depression or basin that is unnatural (abnormal) or many small grooves such as orange peel
* There is often an enlarged lymph nodes but no pain in armpit
* The lump grows slowly
* Usually at the start of lump doesn't feel sick or not, has some time later arising pain.

3. Cancer of the uterus or ovaries

Often found in women who are over 40 years old. The first sign is a blood deficiency (anaemia) or bleeding on the street born that can't be explained. Next found a lump that pain in the stomach.

4. Colon Cancer

A type of cancer that attacks the intestine so that damage the Metabolism in the gastrointestinal sostem.

5. Bone Cancer (Sarcoma)

These cancers occur in the bone, fat, muscle, tissue and blood.
bone cancer, early symptoms may not involve pain constantly. Even in the beginning you may only pain at night while resting or through a period of strong activity. It may take some time for tumors to grow and only after that the pain becomes commonplace, if not constant. A person may not have their pain was present for several weeks or even months [in some cases can even years] are not aware of the cause of the pain of being the beginning of bone cancer. After the tumor has been developed within the framework of the system, other symptoms may lose weight and feel a lack of energy.
Other symptoms include nausea, vomiting and public pressure, pain in the abdomen.

6. Blood cancer (leukemia)

The growth of abnormal white blood, leukemia cells invade the system metabolism blood immune system the sufferer decreases drastic.

7. Lymphoma

This cancer attack the immune system of the body.

8. Kidney Cancer

In the early stage of kidney cancer rarely cause symptoms.
At advanced stages, symptoms are most frequently found is hematuria (blood in the water urinary). Hematuria can be known from urinary water looks reddish or revealed through analysis of urinary water.
High blood pressure occurs due to not adekuatnya the flow of blood to some part or all of the kidney, so the trigger he gave up a chemical Messenger to increase blood pressure.
Secondary Polisitemia due to the high levels of the hormone erythropoietin, which stimulates the bone marrow to increase the formation of red blood cells.

B. types of Tumors

1. Tumors of the neck

These tumors are often found in the neck. Gejalah originally arising swelling in the neck. Pembengkakkan it continues to enlarge and enlarged so that the neck feels heavy to lift. These tumors will eventually if left to larger and more severe. Up to now the name of this tumor has not been found. This tumor can reach weights 8kg.

2. Facial Tumor

These tumors occur in parts of the face. Initially, these tumors are like birthmarks that reddish fruit such as strawberries. Then enlarged and extends to the entire face including lips, nose and eye area. This Tumor can reach weights 33kg and a length of 33 cm.

3. Brain Tumor

These tumors invade parts of the brain. Gejalah generally like headaches and vomiting.

Cervical cancer is a cancer that arises in the woman's cervix. The cervix itself serves as the entrance to the uterus from the vagina. At any age, all women can suffer from cervical cancer. But the disease tends to affect sexually active women between the ages of 30-45 years. Cervical cancer is extremely rare in women under the age of 25 years.

At an early stage, cervical cancer usually has no symptoms. Symptoms of cervical cancer is the most common vaginal bleeding that occurs after sex, outside the period of menstruation, or after menopause. Although the bleeding occurred, not to imply you suffer from cervical cancer. To ascertain the cause of your condition, check with your doctor immediately. If there are suspected of cervical cancer, see a doctor referral specialist will be given.

Cervical Cancer sufferers in Indonesia

According to WHO, there are 490,000 women of the world affected by cervical cancer each year. And 80 percent of them are in developing countries, one of which is Indonesia. Each minute and each new case emerged two minutes there is one person died of cervical cancer. So it could be inferred that cervical cancer is a type of cancer that often strikes women.

In Indonesia, each day, an estimated 40-45 new cases arise and about 20-25 people died of cervical cancer. Means each month Indonesia lost female 600-750 due to cervical cancer. The mortality rate of cervical cancer in Indonesia classified as high and largely due to the delay in diagnosis. Usually the cancer has already spread to other organs in the body when someone checked his condition. This is the cause of treatment become more difficult.

As the main cause of Human Papillomavirus human cervical cancer

Almost all cases of cervical cancer are caused by the human papillomavirus or HPV human. HPV is a collection of the type of virus that causes warts on the hands, feet, and genitalia. HPV is most commonly transmitted through sex and can be the cause of the appearance of cervical cancer. There are many types of HPV and most are viruses that are harmless. But there are several types of HPV which interferes with the cells of the cervix to be able to function normally and could eventually trigger cancer.
The number of types of HPV, there are two types of the HPV virus is most dangerous, that HPV 16 and HPV 18. Both types of this virus that causes 70 percent of cervical cancer cases. Many women do not realize has been infected with HPV because this type does not cause any symptoms. It is important to realize that these infections often occur, though many women who are infected do not experience cancer.

Condoms can protect you from HPV during sex, but not always perfect in preventing the onset of infection. When infected with HPV, a woman's immune system to prevent the virus to injure the uterus, but on most women, HPV virus can survive for years. This has resulted in cells that are on the surface of the cervix is transformed into cancer cells. Vaccines to prevent HPV infection are at risk of causing cancer. HPV vaccination that currently exists is the vaccine bivalen for HPV 16 and 18 vaccine or kuadrivalen for HPV 6, 11, 16 and 18.

The importance of Screening Measures to detect cervical cancer

Over the years, the cell walls of the surface of the cervix undergoes many changes. These cells can slowly turn into cancer, but changes in the cells of the cervix can be detected early on. Treatment when the cells are still in the stage of pre-cancer can be done so that the risk of developing cervical cancer could be reduced.

Screening for cervical cancer is also known as a pap smear or smear tests. Pap smears are useful to detect if there are abnormal cells that could potentially turn into cancer cells. When doing a pap smear, samples of cells taken from the cervix and examined under a microscope.

Cervical screening is not the test to diagnose cervical cancer. This test is useful for checking the health of cells in the cervix and detect if there are abnormal cells. With the detection and the appointment of the abnormal cells, cervical cancer can be prevented to the maximum. On most women, the test will show normal results. But about 5 percent of the tests showed the presence of abnormal changes in the cells of the cervix.

These changes are mostly not led to cancers and abnormal cells may be able to return to normal by itself. But in some specific cases, the cells are abnormal need to be lifted because it could potentially turn into cancer.

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